Aquarium Filter Media

There are many different kinds of filter media that are offered for water quality in fish tanks and fish aquariums, but which is best for your aquarium and how do they differ? Part of getting an idea into making use of the right filter media for your aquarium is comprehending the stresses on your fish and the conditions of their environment.

Carbon fluvalThe nitrogen cycle begins with any waste items which are produced by your fish. A kind of bacteria referred to as “nitrofiers” works to break down these waste items (called ammonia) into nitrites. This is later broken down by a similar beneficial bacteria in the final product, nitrates. The first 2 of these chemicals, ammonia and nitrites, are both extremely harmful to fish and the last may be fatal in huge quantities. It is likely your filter is not providing sufficient purification alone and an added water treatment or water change is recommended if your fish are experiencing a dangerous level of any of these chemicals.

A simple way to test if your aquarium could use a extra water treatment is to review level of nitrates in the water.  This can be done using a test strip which reports the level of nitrate in your water. 50 ppm is a harmful level for lots of species of fish and the lower the level of concentration the better. Polyester media and charcoal or carbon media work by chemical filtration by trapping particles flowing through your water into the media. Carbon, oftentimes, proves to be the most effective.

Foam blocks of many various brand names have actually also shown popular by many  fish tank lovers. These will require routine cleaning and can provide added filtering as well as enabling the beneficial bacteria, nitrifiers, to multiply  your aquarium. With a mix of block filtersponges and either a charcoal, carbon or polyester filter media, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite can be kept in check in your aquarium. Finally, many live plants act as natural de-nitraters and help to maintain the health of your fish.

In conclusion, if  your tank is left to cycle with a few hardy fish for a week or two, with a mixture of  quality aquarium filter media such as mechanical and biological filtration your water might never need added chemicals. Inspect your water routinely and if you discover a high level of hazardous ammonia, nitrites, or nitrates in your tank, then think about reducing the amount of fish along with increasing live plants.  Additional filtration and carbon will prove to be most beneficial as well. If you can improve the quality of your aeration, food, algae and filtration control, then you can improve the living conditions of your fish.


Article Name
Aquarium Filter Media
This article deals with a limited amount of information regarding the different types of filter medias available for the fish aquarium industry, in particular, fresh water tanks.

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